A NEW WHALING HARPOON WILL "PENETRATE, CRIPPLE, KILL AND HOLD"

ID: 22296
£500.00
A good group of four manuscript documents relating to the application for a patent for a new whaling harpoon invented by Nathaniel Bayles of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gent.

MANUSCRIPT: WHALING,, A good group of four manuscript documents relating to the application for a patent for a new whaling harpoon invented by Nathaniel Bayles of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gent. no place, but 1783 where dated.

four ms. documents, original retained or notarial copies, folio and 4to., with a total of 8 written-up pages excluding docket titles, all with original folds, unbound, some soiling but generally in good state of preservation.

An interesting group of related papers, including a ms petition to King George III for a patent for the harpoon, a draft of the petition, a draft of an oath made by Bayles in support of his application, and a ms statement of the nature of the invention. The Petition explains that he had "by long study and application and at great expence found out invented and brought to perfection a certain triangular instrument or harpoon for the more certain striking and taking whales and other large fish than any instrument heretofore used for that purpose and which your petitioner apprehends will be of great public utility". Another of the documents is more detailed. Bayles's invention was "a triangular instrument made of iron and steel which when struck pushed or thrown and falling on its point on whales or on a large fish will penetrate cripple kill and hold such whales or other large fish or if falling on its side its withers will grapple and take such fish ...". Patent no.1367 was granted to Nathaniel Bayles on 7 May 1783. [See Woodcroft, Alphabetical Index of Patentees of Inventions, p.31].