ID: 27685
175.00
A public meeting for the relief of the seamen, their wives and families.

NEWCASTLE BROADSIDE,, A public meeting for the relief of the seamen, their wives and families. Newcastle, W. Boag, printer. [1831].

broadside (28 x 21 cms), printed in bold type, extreme edges a little soiled, but a good copy without serious blemish other than a tiny nick in one edge nowhere near printed surface.

The broadside advertises a public meeting of coal and ship owners, merchants, dignitaries and the local population in general, with the aim of setting up a charitable fund to relieve the Tyneside seamen who were suffering from lack of work during the 1831 Miners' Strike. Miners were employed under the bond system to work for a colliery for year's term at a time, often under punitive and harsh conditions; in 1831 Thomas Hepburn founded a Union of Northumberland and Durham miners and in April, the end of the bond term, the miners put down their tools in a largely non-violent protest for better working practices and conditions. By late May the seamen had been short of employment for weeks. The mine owners were understandably concerned that the protest could escalate and they capitulated in the first major victory for unions in the coal trade, resulting in a number of reforms including the reduction of working hours to 12 for boys.